Please write a 600 words paper with the following 2 sections for Palliative Care and the Humanistic Nursing Theory. It will need to have 2 headings. One for Policy/Law and Ethical Issues and another section with Who created the theory, why did they create the theory? How was it developed? What does the theory actually say? What are the concepts or elements?
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Palliative care and Humanistic Nursing Theory are two important areas of study in the field of medicine. Palliative care deals with the specialized medical care provided to individuals with serious diseases, whereas the Humanistic Nursing Theory emphasizes the need for compassionate nursing care that focuses on the individual’s unique needs and values. In this paper, the two theories will be discussed in two separate sections, with a focus on the policy, law, ethical issues related to the theories, and the creators of these theories, how they were developed, and their concepts and elements.
Section One: Policy/Law and Ethical Issues Related to Palliative Care
Palliative care is a specialized form of medical care provided to individuals with serious illnesses. The goal of palliative care is to improve the quality of life of the patients and their families by providing relief from pain and other symptoms, reducing stress, and addressing the psychological and spiritual aspects of the condition. However, providing palliative care can be a complicated process with many policy, law, and ethical issues that need to be considered.
One of the main ethical issues related to palliative care is the concept of autonomy. Patients have the right to make decisions about their medical care, and this right needs to be respected during palliative care. However, there can be conflicts between the patient’s wishes and the healthcare provider’s duty of care. In addition, there are legal and regulatory issues related to the use of opioids, which are often used to manage pain in palliative care patients. The ethical use of opioids requires careful consideration of the balance between pain relief and the risk of addiction and overdose.
Another policy issue related to palliative care is access to care. Palliative care is often not covered by insurance or other healthcare plans, which can make it difficult for patients to access these services. There are also concerns about the availability of palliative care in rural and underserved areas, where there may be a shortage of trained professionals and resources.
Section Two: Who Created the Humanistic Nursing Theory, Why Did They Create the Theory? How Was It Developed? What Does the Theory Actually Say? What are the Concepts or Elements?
The Humanistic Nursing Theory was developed by Josephine Paterson and Loretta Zderad in the 1970s. The theory was created as a response to the scientific and reductionist approach to nursing care that was prevalent at the time. Paterson and Zderad believed that there was a need for a more holistic and humanistic approach to nursing care that focused on the unique needs and values of individual patients.
The theory was developed through a process of reflection and dialogue between Paterson and Zderad, drawing on their experiences as nurses, educators, and researchers. The Humanistic Nursing Theory emphasizes the importance of the nurse-patient relationship, which is central to the quality of nursing care. The theory argues that nursing care must be personalized to the individual patient and their unique needs, rather than following a standardized or “one-size-fits-all” approach.
The theory posits that nursing care should be based on three core concepts: 1) Being-with, which emphasizes the importance of being present and engaged with the patient in a way that fosters trust and openness; 2) Doing-for, which involves providing practical assistance and support to the patient in a way that is respectful of their autonomy and dignity; and 3) Enabling, which involves empowering the patient to take an active role in their care and promoting their ability to achieve their own goals.
In conclusion, Palliative Care and the Humanistic Nursing Theory are two important areas of study in the field of medicine that have a range of policy, law, and ethical issues that need to be considered. Palliative care raises issues related to autonomy, access to care, and the use of opioids, while the Humanistic Nursing Theory emphasizes the importance of the nurse-patient relationship and individualized care. By exploring these issues and theories, we can better understand the challenges and opportunities that arise in the field of medicine.
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