Graduate level writing
400 words or more
3 to 4 references
1. Find a video of a dynamic sports skill movement you are not familiar with.
NOT a biomechanical analysis video, an example of the movement is all that you need for now.
Link the video in your Initial post.
2. List and Describe the phases of the movement.
3. Identify what planes of motion each phase takes place.
You can separate the movements into upper and lower body for clarity.
4. Identify the primary skeletal structures moving in each phase, and their correct biomechanical termed direction.
Bartlett, Roger – Introduction to sports biomechanics: Analysing Human Movement Patterns, 1997. pp. 1-27Zatsiorsky, Vladimir M. – Biomechanics in Sport: Performance Enhancement and Injury Prevention, 2000
Part 1: Muscle Action in Sport and Exercise, Articles 1 & 2, pp. 1-32.
The Skeletal System – https://youtu.be/f-FF7Qigd3U
Joints: Structure and Types of Motion – https://youtu.be/8hqyQIyenxA
The Muscular System – https://youtu.be/21bgO104QVU
Position/Velocity/Acceleration Part 1: Definitions – https://youtu.be/4dCrkp8qgLU
Kinematics Part 1: Horizontal Motion – https://youtu.be/hpWuZh6oTew
Kinematics Part 2: Vertical Motion – https://youtu.be/K8iIu2OW7_E
Expert Solution Preview
The following is a response to a set of instructions aimed at medical college students studying advanced biomechanics. The assignment requires the students to find a video of a dynamic sports skill movement they are not familiar with and to list and describe the movement’s phases, identify the planes of motion, and primary skeletal structures moving in each phase.
1. The video I have selected is of a golfer hitting a tee shot from the course’s first hole. The link to the video is https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5L8ZTRWpBt8.
2. The movement of the golfer hitting a tee shot has three phases: the backswing, the downswing, and the follow-through. During the backswing, the golfer lifts the club behind their back, turning their hips and shoulders away from the ball. In the downswing phase, the golfer rotates their hips and shoulders back toward the ball while swinging the club downward, striking the ball, and driving it down the fairway. Finally, the follow-through phase is where the golfer continues to rotate their hips and shoulders while swinging the club after the ball has been hit.
3. During the backswing phase, the movement occurs primarily in the coronal and transverse planes. The movement in the coronal plane is a rotation of the hips and shoulders away from the target, while the movement in the transverse plane is a twist of the torso to wind up and prepare for hitting the ball. The downswing phase occurs primarily in the sagittal plane. The movement in the sagittal plane is the rotation of the hips and shoulders back toward the target, while the upper body moves forward in a linear motion. For the follow-through phase, the movement is once again mainly in the coronal and transverse planes, with continued rotation of the hips and shoulders, and a continuation of the twisting motion of the torso.
4. During the backswing phase, the primary skeletal structures moving are the arms and the shoulders, both rotating away from the target. During the downswing phase, the primary skeletal structures moving are the shoulders, hips, and arms, rotating back toward the target and swinging the club downward to strike the ball. Finally, during the follow-through phase, the primary skeletal structures moving are the shoulders, hips, and arms, continuing to rotate and complete the swing’s motion.
Bartlett, R. (1997). Introduction to sports biomechanics: Analysing human movement patterns. Routledge.
Zatsiorsky, V. (2000). Biomechanics in sport: performance enhancement and injury prevention. Blackwell Science Ltd.