Colorado College CB healthcare discussions

Please complete all parts

Part 1

Within the Discussion Board area, write 250-350 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear, and use examples to reinforce your ideas.

Using the Beyond the Book resource and online and digital resources, discuss different types of models for managed care. Address the following:

  • Discuss at least 1 reason why the managed care delivery model was created.
  • Describe at least 2 different types of managed care, including their differences.
  • Identify at least 1 advantage and 1 disadvantage of the managed care model.

NOTE: Use at least two scholarly references and cite using APA format.

Part 2

Within the Discussion Board area, write 250-350 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear, and use examples to reinforce your ideas.

How healthcare services are provided is constantly changing. While historically, emergency departments (ED) was physically located within the hospital building, the standalone Emergency Department also referred to as the Free Standing Emergency Department (FSED) has become a new model for delivery of emergency services within communities. Consider yourself in the role of a consultant to a healthcare organization, financial manager, or ED administrative director. You have been asked to provide the CEO and leadership with pros and cons of establishing a Free Standing Emergency Department. You are aware of the news stories about these types of facilities, and you will want to review The Washington Post article at this link as you prepare your review.

Include in your discussion:

  • Differences between off campus emergency departments (OCEDs) and independent free standing emergency centers (IFECs). What would be the advantage to the healthcare organization of an OCED?
  • How would services provided be reimbursed either by private insurance or Medicare/Medicaid?
  • What are the advantages or disadvantages to the community of an FSED? Would members of the community favor an OCED or an IFEC?
  • Why are most of the FSEDs located in Texas, Colorado and Ohio?
  • Based on your research and the news stories about FSEDs, what would you recommend to the CEO and Board of Directors?

NOTE: Use at least two scholarly references and cite using APA format.

Part 3

Within the Discussion Board area, write 250-350 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear, and use examples to reinforce your ideas.

Physicians and other providers of clinical care play a key role in delivery of healthcare. With the various models of reimbursement and goals of cost containment, the role of the physician in managing patient care has changed.

  • Describe two reimbursement models and the role of the physician in each model.
  • How do government and private insurers influence how physicians practice today?
  • Why is accurate and complete documentation in the electronic health record important to reimbursement and quality of care?
  • What other members of the healthcare team who do not provide direct care to patients contribute to cost containment and delivery of healthcare services

NOTE: Use at least two scholarly references and cite using APA format.

Part 4

Review and reflect on the knowledge you have gained from this course. Based on your review and reflection, write at least 3 paragraphs on the following:

  • Identify one challenge you see in the U.S. health care system today. What healthcare organizations/departments are impacted?
  • Identify one government agency and its role in meeting the challenge?
  • Considering your career goals in the healthcare industry, how would your role as a member of the healthcare team and your team be involved in meeting the challenge?
  • What did you learn in this course that was most surprising or unexpected from when you started the course?

Expert Solution Preview

In the medical field, it is crucial for medical college students to have a comprehensive understanding of various aspects of healthcare delivery. As a medical professor, I am responsible for creating college assignments and answers that aid in the development of their knowledge and skills. This includes designing and conducting lectures, evaluating student performance, and providing feedback through examinations and assignments. In this content, I will provide answers to the questions from the assignment content given.

Part 1:

The managed care delivery model was created to address the rising healthcare costs and the need for better coordination and management of patient care. One reason behind its creation was to provide a structured approach to healthcare delivery, emphasizing preventive care, early intervention, and cost-effective treatment. Managed care aims to control healthcare utilization by employing mechanisms such as utilization management, case management, and capitation.

There are different types of managed care models, namely Health Maintenance Organization (HMO), Preferred Provider Organization (PPO), and Point of Service (POS). HMOs involve a network of healthcare providers who work together to deliver coordinated care. It requires members to choose a primary care physician and obtain referrals for specialty care. On the other hand, PPOs offer more flexibility by allowing members to seek care from both in-network and out-of-network providers, though the latter may lead to higher costs. POS plans combine features of both HMOs and PPOs, allowing members to choose between in-network and out-of-network providers for a different level of coverage.

An advantage of the managed care model is its potential to improve access to healthcare services by offering affordable coverage options and coordinated care. Additionally, managed care promotes preventive care and early intervention, focusing on the overall well-being of patients. However, a disadvantage is that it may restrict the choice of healthcare providers, especially in HMOs where members must stick to the network. This lack of freedom to choose a healthcare provider may lead to limited access to specialized care.

Part 2:

Off campus emergency departments (OCEDs) are usually part of a hospital or healthcare system and are physically separate from the main hospital building, whereas independent free-standing emergency centers (IFECs) are stand-alone facilities that operate independently. The advantage of an OCED for a healthcare organization is that it can expand emergency services to areas with inadequate emergency care access, improving patient outcomes and satisfaction.

Reimbursement for services provided by OCEDs or IFECs differs depending on the type of insurance. Private insurance generally covers emergency services, although out-of-network fees may apply for IFECs. Medicare/Medicaid also provides coverage for emergency services, but there may be variations in reimbursement rates.

The advantages of a free-standing emergency department (FSED) to the community include increased accessibility to emergency care services and reduced travel time. However, there are also disadvantages, such as potential higher costs compared to urgent care centers or other alternatives. In terms of preference, it ultimately depends on the community’s needs and resources.

Most FSEDs are located in states like Texas, Colorado, and Ohio due to less restrictive regulations and laws governing the establishment of such facilities. These states have created an environment that encourages the development of FSEDs.

Based on research and news stories about FSEDs, it is recommended that the CEO and Board of Directors carefully evaluate the community’s needs, existing resources, and financial feasibility before establishing a FSED. Additionally, collaboration with local hospitals and healthcare organizations can help ensure effective utilization of emergency care services.

Part 3:

One reimbursement model is the fee-for-service model, where physicians are reimbursed based on the quantity of services provided. In this model, the physician’s role is focused on delivering services for which they are reimbursed, which may lead to increased healthcare utilization. Another model is the pay-for-performance model, where physicians are reimbursed based on the quality of care provided and achieving specific healthcare outcomes. In this model, physicians play a role in disease prevention, care coordination, and collaboration with other healthcare providers.

Government and private insurers influence physician practices through policies, regulations, and reimbursement structures. They establish guidelines and criteria for reimbursement, which can impact the adoption of certain treatments or procedures. For example, insurance companies may require prior authorization for certain expensive treatments, leading physicians to consider cost-effective alternatives.

Accurate and complete documentation in the electronic health record (EHR) is important for reimbursement and quality of care. Documentation provides evidence of the services provided, justifies the medical necessity of specific treatments or procedures, and ensures appropriate coding, which directly affects reimbursement. Additionally, complete documentation promotes better patient care by providing a comprehensive overview of the patient’s medical history and treatment plans.

Other members of the healthcare team who do not provide direct patient care, such as case managers, utilization review specialists, and healthcare administrators, contribute to cost containment and the efficient delivery of healthcare services. They ensure appropriate utilization of resources, coordinate care transitions, optimize healthcare processes, and promote the use of evidence-based practices.

Part 4:

One challenge in the U.S. healthcare system today is healthcare disparities, where certain populations face barriers in accessing quality healthcare. This challenge impacts healthcare organizations and departments that serve diverse populations, such as community health centers, rural healthcare facilities, and public hospitals.

An example of a government agency addressing this challenge is the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). AHRQ supports research and initiatives to improve the delivery of healthcare services, reduce disparities, and enhance healthcare quality. They provide funding, conduct research, and offer resources to healthcare organizations to implement evidence-based practices and interventions to address disparities.

As a member of the healthcare team, my role would involve advocating for equitable healthcare access, providing culturally competent care, and collaborating with community organizations to address social determinants of health that contribute to disparities. In collaboration with my team, we would develop strategies to improve healthcare delivery and outcomes, implement targeted interventions, and actively engage with marginalized populations.

One surprising aspect learned in this course was the complex interplay between healthcare policy, reimbursement models, and the delivery of care. The course highlighted how financial considerations significantly influence healthcare practices and the need for healthcare professionals to understand and navigate these systems effectively.

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